Have you ever sat in your backyard on a warm, summer night? It can be fun just to sit back and enjoy gazing up at the stars that dot the sky. You might even see a shooting star paint a streak across the sky.
Not quite! Although there are a few starfish that may give off some light as a result of bioluminescence. Starfish get their name from their shape. Starfish have five radial arms centered around a central disk, giving them their unique star-like shape.
Starfish actually aren’t even fish at all. Most scientists prefer to call them sea stars, since they’re technically echinoderms. Sea stars are related to other echinoderms, including sand dollars, sea urchins and sea cucumbers.
Starfish come in all sorts of colors and sizes. In fact, there are over 2,000 different species of sea stars. They all resemble a star, though! They don’t have gills, scales or fins like fish. They also don’t move like fish. Starfish have lots of tiny tube-like feet on their undersides that help propel them along the sea floor.
One of the interesting things about starfish is that they can regenerate a lost arm. Some starfish actually use this ability as a defense mechanism to protect themselves from predators. If they feel threatened by a predator, starfish can drop an arm, move away and regrow the arm later!
Starfish also have a very unique way of eating. A starfish feeds on bivalves, like mussels and clams. It pries open their shells and then does something incredible. It pushes its stomach through its mouth into the bivalve’s shell. After digesting the animal, it then pulls its stomach back into its body! This strange eating process allows a starfish to eat much larger prey than it would otherwise be able to fit into its tiny mouth.